We consider collective motion and damping of dipolar Fermi gases in the hydrodynamic regime. We investigate the trajectories of collective oscillations — here dubbed weltering motions — in cross-dimensional rethermalization experiments via Monte Carlo simulations, where we find stark differences from the dilute regime. These observations are interpreted within a semi-empirical theory of viscous hydrodynamics for gases confined to anisotropic harmonic potentials. The derived equations of motion provide a simple effective theory that show favorable agreement with full numerical solutions. To do so, the theory must carefully account for the size and shape of the effective volume within which the gas behavior is hydrodynamic. Although formulated for dipolar molecules, our theoretical framework retains a flexibility to accommodate arbitrary elastic cross sections.

BT - Submitted DO - 10.48550/ARXIV.2306.00250 N1 - Submtted: 2023-05-31 N2 -We consider collective motion and damping of dipolar Fermi gases in the hydrodynamic regime. We investigate the trajectories of collective oscillations — here dubbed weltering motions — in cross-dimensional rethermalization experiments via Monte Carlo simulations, where we find stark differences from the dilute regime. These observations are interpreted within a semi-empirical theory of viscous hydrodynamics for gases confined to anisotropic harmonic potentials. The derived equations of motion provide a simple effective theory that show favorable agreement with full numerical solutions. To do so, the theory must carefully account for the size and shape of the effective volume within which the gas behavior is hydrodynamic. Although formulated for dipolar molecules, our theoretical framework retains a flexibility to accommodate arbitrary elastic cross sections.

PB - arXiv PY - 2023 T2 - Submitted TI - Viscous damping in weltering motion of trapped hydrodynamic dipolar Fermi gases ER -